Born in Istanbul in 1955, Cengiz Aktar studied in Galatasaray High School then went on to study in the Sorbonne in Paris where he gained a Doctorate in Economics in 1982. He is a professor in the Economic and Administrative Sciences Department of Baheehir University. He also taught in the International Relations Department of Galatasaray University. He is an advocate of Turkey's integration into the European Union and has published numerous books and articles on the European Union and its relations with Turkey.
From 1989 to 1994, he worked for the United Nations and European Union on migrations and asylum policies. From 1994 to 1999, he was the head of the United Nations's mission in Slovenia. His career within the United Nations spans 22 years.
In 1999, he befriended the Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink who was running the Armenian-language periodical Agos. After Dink was assassinated on 19 January 2007, Cengiz Aktar, along with other Turkish scholars, decided to launch a petition calling for an apology of the Turks towards the Armenians. Aktar believes that Turkish public must take the responsibility of being further informed about the Armenian Genocide. The petition read:
My conscience does not accept the insensitivity showed to and the denial of the Great Catastrophe that the Ottoman Armenians were subjected to in 1915. I reject this injustice and for my share, I empathize with the feelings and pain of my Armenian brothers and sisters. I apologize to them.
The campaign was named the I Apologize campaign and was signed by over 32,000 people.
Cengiz Aktar is married and has two daughters.
Aktar, Cengiz (1993), Turkiye'nin batililastirilmasi (Inceleme dizisi), Istanbul: Ayrinti Yayinlari, ISBN 978-9755390376
Aktar, Cengiz (2004), L'occidentalisation de la turquie : essai critique, Paris: ditions L'Harmattan, ISBN 9782858025701
Aktar, Cengiz (2004), Lettres aux turco-sceptiques : La Turquie et l'Union europenne, Paris: Actes Sud, ISBN 978 2742752614
Aktar, Cengiz (2010), L'Appel au Pardon, des Turcs s'adressent aux Armniens, Paris: CNRS ditions, ISBN 978 2271068484
Beyonc credited both her husband, rapper Jay-Z, and jazz singer Etta James for inspiring her to push the limits of her songwriting and artistry. Musically, I Am... drew inspiration from folk and alternative rock, while blending acoustic guitar elements into contemporary ballads. The tracks on the first disc were written and produced by Beyonc, during collaborative efforts with Babyface, Tricky Stewart, The-Dream and Ryan Tedder. Sasha Fierce boasted production from Darkchild and Sean Garrett.
I Am... Sasha Fierce debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart with first-week sales of 482,000 units, earning Beyonc her third consecutive US number-one solo album. The album earned over thirty platinum and one diamond certifications in separate worldwide markets, being certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) on January 16, 2009, selling over three million copies in the United States. As of November 2016, I Am... Sasha Fierce has sold 16 million copies worldwide. The album garnered seven Grammy Award nominations at the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards (2010) ceremony, winning five and eventually collecting a record setting six winsthe most awards won in one night by a female. To promote the album, Beyonc made several award show and televised appearances across Europe and America, and embarking on the worldwide I Am... World Tour (200910).
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