The mayor is the head of the city council and chairman of the council, being selected by direct suffrage for a term of eight years. The current mayor is Peter Kurz (SPD), who was elected during 2007 with 50.53 percent on a turnout of 36.64 percent in the first round.
The city leaders since 1810 are:
The National Theatre Mannheim was founded in 1779 and is the oldest "Stage" in Germany. In 1782 the premier of Die Ruber, written by Friedrich Schiller, was shown.
Recently, more smaller stages have opened, such as the Oststadt-Theater, the TIG7 (Theater im Quadrat G7), the Theater Oliv, the Freilichtbhne, the Theater31, the Theater ImPuls, the Theater Felina-Areal, the Mannheimer Puppenspiele, the Kleinkunstbhne Klapsmhl', Schatzkistl, and zeitraumexit.
Mannheim is located in Germany's warmest region, the "Rhine shift". In summer, temperatures sometimes rise up to 35 C (95 F) and higher. The highest recorded temperature was 39.8 C (104 F) on August 7, 2015. The daily lows during heat waves can be very high by north European standards (around 25 C / 77 F). In comparison to other regions of Germany, Mannheim has a higher humidity in summer which causes a higher heat index. Snow is rare, even in the cold months. Precipitation occurs mostly during afternoon thunderstorms during the warmer period (average days of thunderstorms in a year is 4050). Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Kppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).
Mannheim synagogue Post World War II synagogue
Yavuz Sultan Selim Mosque
Luisenpark named one of the loveliest parks in Europe
Mannheim Palace (Mannheimer Schloss) the city castle and main building of the University of Mannheim
Wasserturm the town's landmark water tower
SAP Arena multifunctional indoor arena, home of Mannheim's ice-hockey team "Die Adler" ("The Eagles")
Breite Strasse, Kunststrasse, and Kapuzinerplanken Mannheim's main shopping destination
International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg
Wildpark and Waldvogelpark am Karlstern
The city centre, designed in squares (Quadratestadt)
Reiinsel, a natural area that an honorary citizen of Mannheim, Carl Rei, bequeathed to the residents of Mannheim
Marktplatz (Market square) hosts a farmers' market every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. Fresh fruit, vegetables, and flowers are sold
Mannheimer Messe (:the Mannheim-Fair): twice a year (spring & autumn) a big fair takes place on Neuer Messplatz-square.