An extract on #ordu
In the 8th century BC, the settlement of Cotyora (also spelled Kotyora) was founded in this area as one of a string of colonies along the Black Sea coast established by the Miletians. Xenophon mentions the town (Anabasis V.5.3f), as does Strabo much later (XII.3.17). Arrian, in his 131 CE guidebook Periplus of the Euxine Sea, describes it as a village "and not a large one."
The area came under the control of the Danishmends, then the Seljuk Turks in 1214 and 1228, and the Hacemiroullar Beylik in 1346. Afterwards, it passed to the dominion of the Ottomans in 1461 along with the Empire of Trabzon.
The modern city was founded by the Ottomans as Bayraml near Eskipazar as a military outpost 5 km (3 mi) west of Ordu.
In 1869, the name was changed to Ordu and united with the districts of Bolaman, Perembe, Ulubey, Hansamana (Glky) and Aybast. During the Ottoman Empire era, Ordu province was created by separating from Trebizond Vilayet at 17 April 1920
The Sara factory shop, selling many varieties of chocolate-covered hazelnuts, is one of the town's attractions.
The Boztepe aerial tramway is another popular attraction which is set to become a modern symbol for the city.
Local music is typical of the Black Sea region, including the kemene. The cuisine is primarily based on local vegetables and includes both typical Turkish dishes such as pide and kebab and more interesting fare such as plain or caramel 'burnt ice-cream'.
As of 1920, Ordu was one of the few producers of white green beans, which were exported to Europe. Ordu also had mulberry tree plantations for sericulture.
The city is world's largest hazelnut producer and home to Turkey's 50% of hazelnut production. Today the city is the centre of a large hazelnut processing industry, including Sara, chocolate and hazelnut manufacturer and the largest hazelnut exporter in Turkey and Fiskobirlik, the largest hazelnut co-operative brand in the world.
Paaolu Kona and Ethnographic museum - a ethnographic museum.
Taba Cultural Centre - a cultural centre
Boztepe - a hill of 550 m (1,800 ft) overlooking the town from the west. Since June 2012, an aerial lift system provides an easy way of transportation between the city's coastline and the hilltop. The Ordu Boztepe Gondola can transport hourly 900 passengers up to the hilltop in 6.5 minutes.
Old Houses of Ordu in the old city center
Yal Camii, also called Aziziye Camii - a mosque
Atik brahim Paa Camii, also called Orta Cami - a mosque built in 1770
Eski Pazar Camii - a mosque with adjoining Turkish baths
Efirli Camii - a mosque