Belgium has an area of 30,528 square kilometers, with 16,844 square kilometers for Wallonia, 13,522 square kilometers for Flanders and 161 square kilometres for the Brussels Capital Region. By provinces, the area is distributed as such:
Luxembourg: 4,440 km
Lige: 3,862 km
Hainaut: 3,786 km
Namur: 3,666 km
West Flanders: 3,144 km
East Flanders: 2,982 km
Antwerp: 2,867 km
Limburg: 2,422 km
Flemish Brabant: 2,106 km
Walloon Brabant: 1,091 km
To get the total area of Belgium, the surface of the Brussels-Capital Region should be added to the list, since Brussels is not in any Belgian province anymore since the province of Brabant has been split. Belgium has also 3,462 square kilometers of sea territories in the North Sea. On 29 May 2000, 2,000 square meters were granted by the Netherlands to Belgium (a piece of land in Zelzate along the Ghent-Terneuzen Canal).
Compared to other countries, Belgium is 1.5 times larger than Wales in the United Kingdom and about the size of Maryland in the United States. Belgium is actually used as an unusual unit of measurement in comparing country sizes.
In November 2016, Belgium and the Netherlands agreed to cede small, uninhabited parcels of land to reflect a change in course of the river Meuse (or Maas, in Dutch). The land swap is to take effect as of 2018.
Belgium's highest point is the Signal de Botrange at 694 meters above the sea level. Other hills in Belgium include the Kemmelberg (159 m high) and the Koppenberg (77 m high) both known as part of the route of the cycle races GentWevelgem and the Tour of Flanders respectively.
This is a list of the extreme points of Belgium, the points that are farther north, south, east, west, high or low than any other location.
Northernmost point Dreef, municipality of Hoogstraten, Antwerp
Southernmost point Torgny, municipality of Rouvroy, Luxembourg
Westernmost point De Panne, West Flanders
Easternmost point Krewinkel, municipality of Bllingen, Lige
Highest point Signal de Botrange (694 m)
Lowest point De Moeren (-3 m)
The Belgian National Geographic Institute calculated that the central point of Belgium lies at coordinates 503828N 44005E, in Nil-Saint-Vincent-Saint-Martin in the municipality of Walhain.
Natural resources in Belgium include construction materials, silica sand and carbonates. Belgium used to have coal mines. As of 2012, the land use was as follows:
Arable land: 26.49%
Permanent crops: 0.79%
As of 2007, the estimated area of irrigated land was of 233.5 km.