An extract on #korku
Korkus are also closely associated with the Nihali people, many of whom have traditionally lived in special quarters of Korku villages. Korku is spoken by half a million people, mainly in four districts of southern Madhya Pradesh (Khandwa, Harda, Betul, Hoshangabad) and three districts of northern Maharashtra (Rajura and Korpana tahsils of Chandrapur district, Manikgarh pahad area near Gadchandur in Chandrapur district) (Amravati, Buldana, Akola). Korku is spoken in a declining number of villages and is gradually being replaced by Hindi.
Zide (2008:256) lists the following dialects.
Kurku proper is spoken in the west. Most available data is from the Melghat subdialect. Other subdialects include Betul-Hoshangabad. The Lahi variety of Hoshangabad is notable for its loss of the dual.
Muwasi (Mowasi, Mawasi) is spoken in the east, in areas such as Chhindwara district of northeastern Maharashtra.
Korku is spoken in the following regions (Zide 2008:256):
South-central Madhya Pradesh
East Nimar district (Khandwa district)
Amravati district (majority of speakers in Maharashtra)
Chhindwara district (Mawasi speakers)
The use of the Korku language has been heavily influenced by larger hegemonic languages, especially Hindi. That influence affects not just language but also the customs and culture of traditional Korku people. A few groups have been more successful in preserving their language, specifically the Potharia Korku (from the Vindhya Mountains).
The national census of 2001 reported 574,481 people claiming to speak Korku, an un-scheduled language.
Korkus have derived their name from the combination of the word koru meaning man and ku which makes it plural meaning tribal men (Russell and Hiralal, 1916). The Korkus are a branch of the great Munda tribes and are placed here in the vicinity of the great tribe- the Gonds (Deogaonkar et al., 1990). Korkus are initially believed to be a hunting gathering community dwelling in the forests of Satpura ranges on either sides of the river Tapti.