Originally active from 1985 to 1996, the band had consistent commercial and critical success in Australia and New Zealand and international chart success in two phases, beginning with their self-titled debut album, which reached number twelve on the US Album Chart in 1987 and provided the Top Ten hits "Don't Dream It's Over" and "Something So Strong". Further international success came in the UK, Europe and South Africa with their third and fourth albums, Woodface and Together Alone and the compilation album Recurring Dream, which included the hits "Fall at Your Feet", "Weather with You", "Distant Sun", "Locked Out", "Instinct" and "Not the Girl You Think You Are". Neil and Tim Finn were each awarded an OBE in June 1993, for their contribution to the music of New Zealand.
Founding drummer Hester left in May 1994 citing family reasons, but briefly returned for their "Farewell to the World" concerts in Melbourne and Sydney in 1996. Neil Finn had decided to end the band to concentrate on his solo career and the Finn Brothers project with Tim. On 26 March 2005 Hester died by suicide, aged 46. In 2006 the group re-formed with a new drummer Matt Sherrod and released two further albums (in 2007 and 2010), both of which reached number one on Australia's album chart. As of July 2010 the group has sold 10 million albums. In November 2016 they were inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame.
Neil Finn vocals, guitars, keyboards, piano (19851996, 20062010, 2016)
Nick Seymour bass, backing vocals (19851989, 1989-1996, 20062010, 2016)
Mark Hart guitars, keyboards, backing vocals (1992-1996, 20072010, 2016; touring member 1989-1992)
Matt Sherrod drums, percussion, backing vocals (20072010, 2016)
Paul Hester drums, percussion, keyboards, backing vocals (19851994, 1996; died 2005)
Tim Finn vocals, guitars, keyboards, piano (19901991; guest appearance 1996 and 2016)
Peter Jones drums, backing vocals (19941996; guest appearance 1996; died 2012)
Gill Civil keyboards (1986)
Miffy Smith - keyboards (1986; U.K. and Europe)
Eddie Rayner keyboards (1987, 1988)
Mike Gubb keyboards (1988)
Jules Bowen keyboards (199496)
Liam Finn guitars, keyboards, backing vocals (20072008)
Davey Lane guitars, keyboards, backing vocals (2007)
Elroy Finn - guitars (2008, 2016)
Don McGlashan - guitars, keyboards, mandolin, euphonium, vocals (2008)
Harper Finn - keyboards (2016)
The cheese originates from the village of Cheddar in Somerset, south west England. Cheddar Gorge on the edge of the village contains a number of caves, which provided the ideal humidity and steady temperature for maturing the cheese. Cheddar cheese traditionally had to be made within 30 mi (48 km) of Wells Cathedral.
Cheddar has been produced since at least the 12th century. A pipe roll of King Henry II from 1170 records the purchase of 10,240 lb (4,640 kg) at a farthing per pound (totalling 10.13s.4d). Charles I (16001649) also bought cheese from the village. Romans may have brought the recipe to Britain from the Cantal region of France.
Central to the modernisation and standardisation of Cheddar cheese was the 19th-century Somerset dairyman Joseph Harding. For his technical innovations, promotion of dairy hygiene, and volunteer dissemination of modern cheese-making techniques, he has been dubbed "the father of Cheddar cheese". Harding introduced new equipment to the process of cheese-making, including his "revolving breaker" for curd cutting, saving much manual effort. The "Joseph Harding method" was the first modern system for Cheddar production based upon scientific principles. Harding stated that Cheddar cheese is "not made in the field, nor in the byre, nor even in the cow, it is made in the dairy". His wife and he were behind the introduction of the cheese into Scotland and North America. His sons, Henry and William Harding, were responsible for introducing Cheddar cheese production to Australia and facilitating the establishment of the cheese industry in New Zealand, respectively.
During the Second World War, and for nearly a decade after, most milk in Britain was used for the making of one single kind of cheese nicknamed "government Cheddar" as part of war economies and rationing. This almost resulted in wiping out all other cheese production in the country. Before the First World War, more than 3,500 cheese producers were in Britain; fewer than 100 remained after the Second World War.
According to a United States Department of Agriculture researcher, Cheddar cheese is the world's most popular variety of cheese, and the most studied type of cheese in scientific publications.