An extract on #kartal
Despite being far from the city centre, Kartal is heavily populated (total population of 541,209) (2008 census). The total land area is 147,000 m which includes some countryside areas inland. Her neighbours are Maltepe the west, Sultanbeyli and Sancaktepe the north and Pendik the east.
It was the neighbour of Gebze (19231987), ile (19231987), Beykoz (19281987), skdar (19231987), mraniye (19872009) and Kadky (19281992 and 20042009). It was a neighbour again with Kadky from the northwest due to Ferhatpaa quarter passed from Maltepe to Samandra in 2004. However, this neighbourhood was ended with Ataehir's separation from Kadky and Samandra's separation (joined to Sancaktepe) from Kartal in 2009.
The center of Kartal (meaning 'eagle' in Turkish) was a fishing village on the Marmara shore during the Byzantine Empire called Kartalimen or Kartalimin in Greek, and was founded at the beginning of the 6th century. In the 11th century, the town was conquered by the ruler of the Seljuks, Suleyman Shah, and then in 1329 Kartal became part of the Ottoman Empire (however, the Byzantines re-took the city in 1403 and held it for 17 years).
By 1947, Kartal was an industrial area and with the introduction of commuter trains to Haydarpaa Terminal from Gebze in 1973, Kartal became even more important as an industrial area of Istanbul.
The current trend is that as more and more housing is built near the coast, factories there are being closed down and moved inland. For example, the large cement factory on the shore, which is to be converted into a cultural center, was closed in 2003.
There is an historical Roman bath ruin near the Dragos Hill, which was under use of late Roman era is recovering by the Istanbul Archaeology Museums with the financial support of Kartal Municipality.
Kartal is on the sea and there are ferries to Adalar (Princes' Islands) and to Yalova. But most people travel by road, it is easy to get from Kartal to both the D 100, the main road from Anatolia to the Bosphorus Bridge, and to the TEM, the large motorway which crosses the Bosphorus via the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge. Also the coast road from Tuzla to Bostanc is another important route. The Sabiha Gken International Airport at Kurtky, Pendik, is 15 minutes away. Finally, when the Marmaray project is completed it will be possible to reach the European side of Istanbul by a commuter rail system without interchange.
Kartal is the terminal station of Kartal - Kadky metro (M4). Haydarpaa-Gebze Line for commuter trains also pass through Kartal.
With all these transport options Kartal is becoming heavily populated despite being far away from the centre of Istanbul. Luxury apartment complexes have been built on the coast, along with much more housing inland and this has attracted more shops and infrastructure.
There are a number of well-known private and state schools in the area, Maltepe University and Suleyman Sah University are the private universities of Kartal.
Housing is of good-quality in general. Building near the coast slowed down after the 1999 earthquake, when people became very aware that a major fault line runs just off this coast. However, building on the high ground inland is proceeding apace and Kartal is projected to be a major urban and industrial area by the 2020s.
The park around Ayazma Fountain in Yakacik is a popular picnic spot for Kartal's people.