During World War II, after the Allied landings in North Africa (Operation Torch) the German Army occupied southern France (Case Anton), leading French naval officers to scuttle the French Fleet based at Toulon on 27 November 1942. The city was bombed by the Allies in November of the following year, with much of the port destroyed and five hundred residents killed. Toulon was liberated by the Free French Forces of General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny on 28 August 1944 in the Battle of Toulon.
In 1974 Toulon became again the prfecture, or administrative centre, of the Var. Five years later the University of Toulon opened. Toulon was one of four French cities where the extreme-right Front National won the local elections in 1995. The Front National was voted out of power in 2001.
Toulon has a conservatory (Conservatoire TPM, part of Conservatoire rayonnement rgional de Toulon) which taught music, theater, dance and circus and an art academy called cole suprieure d'art et de design Toulon Provence Mditerrane. Toulon is also home to a number of institutes of the University of Toulon, known until 2013 as University of the South, Toulon-Var.
Their number is variously reported as from two to five. In the Odyssey, Homer says nothing of their origin or names, but gives the number of the Sirens as two. Later writers mention both their names and number: some state that there were three, Peisinoe, Aglaope, and Thelxiepeia (Tzetzes, ad Lycophron 7l2; Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca E7. 18) or Parthenope, Ligeia, and Leucosia (Eustathius, loc. cit.; Strabo v. 246, 252; Servius' commentary on Virgil's Georgics iv. 562); Apollonius followed Hesiod gives their names as Thelxinoe, Molpe, and Aglaophonos (Scholiast on Homer's Odyssey 12. 168, trans. Evelyn-White); Suidas gives their names as Thelxiepeia, Peisinoe, and Ligeia (Suidas s.v. Seirenas); Hyginus gives the number of the Sirens as four: Teles, Raidne, Molpe, and Thelxiope (Fabulae, praefat. p. 30, ed. Bunte); Eustathius (Commentaries 1709) states that they were two, Aglaopheme and Thelxiepeia; An ancient vase painting attests the two names as Himerope and Thelxiepeia. Their individual names are variously rendered in the later sources as Thelxiepeia/Thelxiope/Thelxinoe, Molpe, Himerope, Aglaophonos/Aglaope/Aglaopheme, Pisinoe/Peisino/Peisithoe, Parthenope, Ligeia, Leucosia, Raidne, and Teles.
Aglaope () or Aglaophonos () or Aglaopheme (, all to be translated as "with lambent voice"), attested as a daughter of Achelous and Melpomene.
Leucosia (): Her name was given to the island opposite to the Sirens' cape. Her body was found on the shore of Poseidonia.
Ligeia (): She was found ashore of Terina in Bruttium (modern Calabria).
Molpe (), another daughter of Achelous and Melpomene.
Parthenope (): Her tomb was presented in Naples and called "constraction of sirens".
Peisinoe () or Peisithoe (), daughter of Achelous and Melpomene.
Thelxiope () or Thelxiepeia ( "eye pleasing"), daughter of Achelous and Melpomene.