An extract on #igersswitzerland
Education in Hungary is free and compulsory from the age of 5 to 16. The state provides free pre-primary schooling for all children, 8 years of general education and 4 years of upper secondary level general or vocational education. Higher education system follows the three-cycle structure and the credit system of the bologna process. Governments aim to reach European standards and encourage international mobility by putting emphasis on digital literacy, and enhancing foreign language studies: all secondary level schools teach foreign languages and at least one language certificate is needed for the acquisition of a diploma. Over the past decade, this resulted in a drastic increase in the number of people speaking at least one foreign language.
Hungary's most prestigious universities are:
Semmelweis University with five schools (medical school, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and physical education).
Etvs Lornd University (Etvos Lornd Tudomnyegyetem, or ELTE, which is among the top 500 universities in the world)
Budapest University of Technology and Economics (Budapesti Mszaki s Gazdasgtudomnyi Egyetem, or BME) BME is considered the oldest Institutes of Technology of university rank and structure in the world. Established 1782.
Corvinus University of Budapest (Budapesti Corvinus Egyetem, or BCE)
Central European University (Kzp-eurpai Egyetem, or CEU)
University of Pcs (Pcsi Tudomnyegyetem, or PTE)
University of Miskolc (Miskolci Egyetem or ME)
University of Szeged (Szegedi Tudomnyegyetem or SZTE) In 2010, the QS World University Rankings put the University of Szeged as 451st-500th among universities globally.
University of Debrecen (Debreceni Egyetem or DE)
Financial sources for education are mainly provided by the state (making up 5.1-5.3% of the annual GDP). In order to improve the quality of higher education, the government encourages contributions by students and companies. Another important contributor is the EU.
The system has weaknesses, the most important being segregation and unequal access to quality education. The 2006 PISA report concluded that while students from comprehensive schools did better than the OECD average, pupils from vocational secondary schools did much worse. Another problem is of the higher educations: response to regional and labour market needs is insufficient. Government plans include improving the career guidance system and establishing a national digital network that will enable the tracking of jobs and facilitate the integration into the labour market.
Hungary joined the European Union on 05/01/2004 after a successful referendum among the EU-10. The EU's free trade system helps Hungary, as it is a relatively small country and thus needs export and import.
After the accession to the EU, Hungarian workers could immediately go to work to Ireland, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Other countries imposed restrictions.