Feminist activist and Muslim reformer Asra Nomani says "as Muslim women, we actually ask you not to wear the hijab in the name of interfaith solidarity," going on to say, "This modern-day movement spreads an ideology of political Islam."
Muslim reformer Maajid Nawaz accuses the day as being a "well-financed effort by conservative Muslims to dominate modern Muslim societies," and says that the event spreads the "misleading interpretation" that the head covering is always worn voluntarily, and that "hijab" purely means headscarf. He also described the event as "worse than passe," suggesting that the name be changed to "Hijab is a Choice Day".
ABC (computer virus), a memory-resident, file-infecting computer virus
ABC (programming language), a programming language and environment
ABC (stream cipher), a stream cipher algorithm
ABC (Yet Another BitTorrent Client), a BitTorrent client
ABC notation, a language for music notation
Abstract base class, a programming language concept
Acorn Business Computer, a series of microcomputers announced at the end of 1983 by the British company Acorn Computers
.abc, ActionScript Byte Code files; see comparison of application virtual machines
Alcatel Business Communications, a telecommunications protocol
Artificial bee colony algorithm, a search algorithm
AtanasoffBerry computer, an early electronic digital computer
ABC, a line of computers by Dataindustrier AB
In anti-realism, the truth of a statement rests on its demonstrability through internal logic mechanisms, such as Frege's context principle and Heyting's intuitionistic logic, in direct opposition to the realist notion that the truth of a statement rests on its correspondence to an external, independent reality. In anti-realism, this external reality is hypothetical and is not assumed.
Because it encompasses statements containing abstract ideal objects (i.e. mathematical objects), anti-realism may apply to a wide range of philosophic topics, from material objects to the theoretical entities of science, mathematical statement, mental states, events and processes, the past and the future.
One of Bertie Mee's double winners, George Graham, returned as manager in 1986. Arsenal won their first League Cup in 1987, Graham's first season in charge. By 1988, new signings Nigel Winterburn, Lee Dixon and Steve Bould had joined the club to complete the "famous Back Four" led by existing player Tony Adams. They immediately won the 1988 Football League Centenary Trophy, and followed it with the 198889 Football League title, snatched with a last-minute goal in the final game of the season against fellow title challengers Liverpool. Graham's Arsenal won another title in 199091, losing only one match, won the FA Cup and League Cup double in 1993, and the European Cup Winners' Cup, in 1994. Graham's reputation was tarnished when he was found to have taken kickbacks from agent Rune Hauge for signing certain players, and he was dismissed in 1995. His permanent replacement, Bruce Rioch, lasted for only one season, leaving the club after a dispute with the board of directors.
The club metamorphosed during the long tenure of manager Arsne Wenger, appointed in 1996. New, attacking football, an overhaul of dietary and fitness practices, and efficiency with money have defined his reign. Accumulating key players from Wenger's homeland, such as Patrick Vieira and Thierry Henry, Arsenal won a second League and Cup double in 199798 and a third in 200102. In addition, the club reached the final of the 19992000 UEFA Cup, were victorious in the 2003 and 2005 FA Cups, and won the Premier League in 200304 without losing a single match, an achievement which earned the side the nickname "The Invincibles". This latter feat came within a run of 49 league matches unbeaten from 7 May 2003 to 24 October 2004, a national record.
Arsenal finished in either first or second place in the league in eight of Wenger's first nine seasons at the club, although on no occasion were they able to retain the title. The club had never progressed beyond the quarter-finals of the Champions League until 200506; in that season they became the first club from London in the competition's fifty-year history to reach the final, in which they were beaten 21 by Barcelona. In July 2006, they moved into the Emirates Stadium, after 93 years at Highbury. Arsenal reached the final of the 2007 and 2011 League Cups, losing 21 to Chelsea and Birmingham City respectively.
The club had not gained a major trophy since the 2005 FA Cup until 17 May 2014, when Arsenal beat Hull City in the 2014 FA Cup Final, coming back from a 20 deficit to win the match 32. This qualified them for the 2014 FA Community Shield where they would play Premier League champions Manchester City. They recorded a resounding 30 win in the game, winning their second trophy in three months. Nine months after their Community Shield triumph, Arsenal appeared in the FA Cup final for the second year in a row, defeating Aston Villa 40 in the final and becoming the most successful club in the tournament's history with 12 titles, a record which Manchester United would tie the following season. On 2 August 2015, Arsenal beat Chelsea 10 at Wembley Stadium to retain the Community Shield and earn their 14th Community Shield title. The season after their Community Shield win, Arsenal won the FA Cup for a record 13th time, defeating Chelsea 21 in the final and once more becoming the outright leader in terms of FA Cups won. The victory also saw Arsne Wenger become the first manager in English football history to win seven FA Cups. However in that same season, Arsenal finished in fifth position in the league, the first time they had finished outside the top four since before Wenger arrived in 1996. Wenger signed a new two-year contract at the end of the 201617 season, and began the following campaign by winning the 2017 FA Community Shield 41 on penalties against Chelsea after a 11 draw.