Ludwig studied classical philology at the Christian-Albrechts-Universitt in Kiel. He graduated from there with a PhD thesis on Aristophanes before going on research trips to Greece, western Asia Minor and Cyprus.
According to several sources, the village was founded between 1530 and 1600 by inhabitants of five settlements, Agios Athanasios (Kastro), Agios Konstantinos (Leivadi), Agios Ioannis (Kampeas), Petrovouni and Megisti or Katsipodas, fleeing from raiding Lalaioi Turks. According to Max Vasmer, the name might derive from the Slavic word Mogyljane ("hill people"). The word is also related to the modern Greek (magoula, of Slavic or Albanian origin) which means hill or small mound. It was renamed to Argyrokastro in 1927, but it was renamed back to Magouliana in 1929.
Fotios Chrysanthopoulos (Fotakos), first councillor for Theodoros Kolokotronis
Ilias Mariolopoulos, nature meteorologist at the University of Athens
Konstantinos Gontikas, politician, minister
Dimitrios Gontikas, politician, president of the parliament
Andrew Jarvis, Greek-American politician
Georgios Kanellopoulos, Supreme Court magistrate
He was born in a bavarian noble family as son of Freigherr Karl Joachim Haller von Hallerstein and Sophie Amalie von Imhof. Hallerstein studied architecture at the Carlsakademie in Stuttgart and then at the Berliner Bauakademie under David Gilly. He was then engaged in 1806 as a royal building inspector in Nuremberg.
He visited Rome in 1808 to study its early Christian architecture. In June 1810 he accompanied Jakob Linkh (17861841), Peter Oluf Brndsted (1780-1842), Otto Magnus von Stackelberg (17871837) and Georg Kos (1782-1811) to Athens, via Naples, Corfu and Corinth. In 1811 in Athens he met the English architects Charles Robert Cockerell and John Foster (1758-1827), with whom he studied Athens's ancient buildings.
In 1811 he, Linkh and von Stackelberg discovered the temple of Aphaia on the island of Aegina, a part of whose sculptures are in the Munich Glyptothek as a result. In the same year, von Hallerstein (with Cockerell, Gropius, Linckh, Stackelberg, Brndsted and Foster) excavated the ruins of the temple of Apollo in Bassae, whose relief frieze was taken to the British Museum by Cockerell. Sadly Haller's drawings were lost at sea. Later he led yet more excavations on Ithaka and in the ruins of the theatre on Milos.
Haller died in Thessaly in 1817 after catching a fever. He was temporarily buried there but then later moved to Athens.
Klaus Frssle: Carl Haller von Hallerstein (1774-1817). Freiburg i.Br.: Univ., Philosoph. Fak., Dissertation 1971.
Hansgeorg Bankel: Und die Erde gebar ein Lcheln: der erste deutsche Archologe in Griechenland Carl Haller von Hallerstein 1774 - 1817. Mnchen: Sddeutscher Verlag, 1983. ISBN 3-7991-6181-3.
Hansgeorg Bankel: Carl Haller von Hallerstein in Griechenland 1810 - 1817: Architekt, Zeichner, Bauforscher (anlssl. d. Ausstellung Carl Haller von Hallerstein in Griechenland 1810 - 1817: Mnchen, Palais Preysing, 14. Februar - 15. Mrz 1986; Nrnberg, Albrecht-Drerhaus u. Fembohaus, 22. Mrz - 11. Mai 1986; Berlin-Charlottenburg, Antikenmuseum SMPK, 14. Juni - 31. August 1986). Im Auftr. d. Carl-Haller-von-Hallerstein-Ges. hrsg. von Hansgeorg Bankel. Berlin: Reimer, 1986. ISBN 3-496-00840-7
R. Lullies, W. Schiering (eds.): Archologenbildnisse: Portrts und Kurzbiographien von Klassischen Archologen deutscher Sprache. Deutsches Archologisches Institut. Mainz: von Zabern, 1988: 1617. ISBN 3-8053-0971-6