An extract on #gaziantep
Gaziantep was formerly called Antep or Antb ( ) in Ottoman Turkish, Antb () in Arabic. There are several theories for the origin of the name:
Antap may be derived from khantap, meaning "king's land" in the Hittite language.
An, an Arabic and Aramaic word meaning "spring", and tab as a word of praise.
Antep could be a corruption of the Arabic an ayyib meaning "good spring". However, the Arabic name for the city is spelled with t (), not ().
Ayin dab or Ayin debo in Aramaic, meaning "spring of the wolf"
The Crusaders called the city and its castle "Hantab", "Hamtab", and "Hatab".
In February 1921, the Turkish parliament honored the city as Ghazi Antb or "Antep the war hero" to commemorate its resistance to the French Siege of Aintab during the FrancoTurkish War, part of the Turkish War of Independence, and that name was officially adopted in 1928 as Gaziantep.
There are traces of settlement going back to the 4th millennium BC. The archaeological site of Tell Tlk, which gives its name to the Neolithic Dulicien culture, is situated a few kilometers to the north of the city center.
Gaziantep is the probable site of the Hellenistic city of Antiochia ad Taurum ("Antiochia in the Taurus Mountains").
In the center of the city stands the Gaziantep Fortress and the Ravanda citadel, which were restored by the Byzantines in the 6th century.
Following the Muslim conquest of the Levant, the city passed to the Umayyads in 661 and the Abbasids in 750. It was ravaged several times during the ArabByzantine wars. After the disintegration of the Abbasid dynasty, the city was ruled successively by the Tulunids, the Ikhshidids and the Hamdanids. In 962, it was recaptured by the Byzantines.
The Anatolian Seljuks took Aintab in 1067. They gave way to the Syrian Seljuks in 1086. Tutush I appointed Thoros of Edessa as governor of the region.
It was captured by the Crusaders and united to the Maras Seigneurship in the County of Edessa in 1098.
It reverted to the Seljuk Sultanate of Rm in 1150, was controlled by the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia between 11551157 and 12041206 and captured by the Zengids in 1172 and the Ayyubids in 1181. It was retaken by the Seljuk Sultanate of Rm in 1218. It was ruled by the Ilkhanate between 12601261, 12711272, 12801281 and 12991317 and by the Mamluks between 12611271, 12721280, 12811299, 13171341, 13531378, 13811389 and 13951516. It was also governed by the Dulkadirids, which was a Turkish vassal state of the Mamluks.