January: The "Cartagena International Music Festival", (Cartagena Festival Internacional de Msica) Classical music event that has become one of the most important festivals in the country. It is done in the Walled City for 10 days, which are held classes, conferences and counted with the presence of national and international artists,
"Fiesta Taurina del Caribe" (Caribbean Bullfight festival) (ultimately canceled, for maintenance of the scenario),
"SummerLand Festival": Electronic music festival most important of the country.
February : "Fiestas de Nuestra Seora de la Candelaria" (Feasts of Our Lady of Candelaria),
"Festival del Frito".
March: "International Film Festival of Cartagena" (Festival Internacional de Cine de Cartagena),
" Miss Colombia",
April: "Festival del Dulce" (Festival of the Sweets).
JuneJuly: "Festival de Verano" (Summer Festival),
November: "Fiestas del 11 de noviembre" (Feasts of November 11) or (of the Independence).
December: "Jazz Festival under the Moon" (Festival de Jazz bajo la Luna),
Jos Mara Garca de Toledo, politician, early "juntismo" movement member, later independentist. President of the Supreme Junta of Cartagena (1810-1811)
Bartolom Calvo, politician, journalist. Governor of Panama (1856-1858), President of the Granadine Confederation in 1861.
Rafael Nez, politician, journalist, diplomat, writer, lawyer and judge. Dominant political figure in Colombia in the 19th century, and the first that did so by civil means: In 1848 just after another civil war entered in local politics. Then became MP for Cartagena in the Colombian Congress, also was Governor of Bolivar (1854), then briefly Minister of War in 1855-1857. President of the Sovereign State of Bolivar twice, (1876-1877) (1879-1880) was finally elected 4 times President of Colombia. During this time the country stabilized and the economy grew after decades of civil war and established the foundations for civil-led government with the Colombian Constitution of 1886 that lasted 105 years. Also wrote the country's national anthem.
Biosafety level 1 (BSL-1) is suitable for work with well-characterized agents which do not cause disease in healthy humans. In general, these agents should pose minimal potential hazard to laboratory personnel and the environment. At this level, precautions are limited relative to other levels. Laboratory personnel must wash their hands upon entering and exiting the lab. Research with these agents may be performed on standard open laboratory benches without the use of special containment equipment. However, eating and drinking are generally prohibited in laboratory areas. Potentially infectious material must be decontaminated before disposal, either by adding an appropriate disinfectant, or by packaging for decontamination elsewhere. Personal protective equipment is only required for circumstances where personnel might be exposed to hazardous material. BSL-1 laboratories must have a door which can be locked to limit access to the lab, however it is not necessary for BSL-1 labs to be isolated from the general building.
This level of biosafety is appropriate for work with several kinds of microorganisms including non-pathogenic Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and other organisms not suspected to contribute to human disease. Due to the relative ease and safety of maintaining a BSL-1 laboratory, these are the types of laboratories generally used as teaching spaces for high schools and colleges.