An extract on #esenler
In the Ottoman times this area, well outside the city walls, was the villages of Litros and Avas, populated by Greek farmers. During the 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey, these villagers were deported and the area was then settled by Turks who had themselves been deported from Macedonia. It was part of Bakrky district till 1992 and Gngren between 1992 and 1994.
Many of the large numbers of people that migrated to Istanbul in the 60s to 90s ended up in districts like this and with a population of over half a million Esenler has desperately insufficient infrastructure, leading to over-crowded schoolrooms and many other problems.
Esenler has the huge inter-city bus terminal of the European side.
In 1980, considerations started to build a new terminus on the European side of Istanbul. Since the Topkap bus terminus was becoming increasingly crowded.
In 1987, the construction of the new terminus started.
In 1994, the terminus entered service. The cost of the structure was $140 million.
The terminus is situated on the European side of stanbul, in Bayrampaa district. It occupies 242,000 m2 (2,600,000 sq ft), which makes it the largest bus terminus in southeastern Europe and in Turkey. It is the third largest in the world. The terminus has 324 platforms.
The structure is multi-storey. There are 450-500 permanent parking lots for buses and over 1,000 temporary ones.
Average total bus traffic per day is about 15,000 buses.
The terminus has a capacity of 600,000 passengers a day.
There are between 3,000-5,000 people that are employed in the terminus.
Around one million passengers pass through it every day.