An extract on #defter
Traumatic injuries account for most injuries in contact sports such as ice hockey, association football, rugby league, rugby union, Australian rules football, Gaelic football and American and Canadian football because of the dynamic and high collision nature of these sports. Collisions with the ground, objects, and other players are common, and unexpected dynamic forces on limbs and joints can cause sports injuries. Nearly two million people every year suffer sports-related injuries and receive treatment in emergency departments. Fatigue is a contributing factor that results in many sport injuries. As an athlete there are times where you may run on low energy leading to the deterioration in technique or form, which results in a slower reaction time, and finally a loss in stability of muscle joints and an injury.
Traumatic injuries can include:
Contusion or bruise damage to small blood vessels which causes bleeding within the tissues.
Strain trauma to a muscle due to overstretching and tearing of muscle fibers
Sprain an injury in a joint, caused by the ligament being stretched beyond its own capacity
Wound abrasion or puncture of the skin
Bone fracture break(s) in the bone
Head injury concussions or serious brain damage
Spinal cord injury damage to the central nervous system or spine
Cramp a strong muscle contraction that can be very painful lasting in few minutes but massaging the muscles can relieve the pain
In sports medicine, a catastrophic injury is defined as severe trauma to the human head, spine, or brain.
Concussions in sports became a major issue in the United States in the 2000s, as evidence connected repeated concussions and subconcussive hits with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and increased suicide risk. CTE is a progressive degenerative disease of the brain found in people with a history of repetitive brain trauma, including symptomatic concussions as well as subconcussive hits to the head that do not cause symptoms. It is most pronounced in football, and a related ailment (dementia pugilistica) afflicts boxers, but is also seen in other sports, and in females and adolescents. Often, it has been reported post-mortem.
Overuse and repetitive stress injury problems associated with sports include:
Some activities have particular risks; see:
Sailing ship accidents
Prevention helps reduce potential sport injuries and provides several benefits. Some benefits include a healthier athlete, longer duration of participation in the sport, potential for better performance, and reduced medical costs. Explaining the benefits to participate in sports injury prevention programs to coaches, team trainers, sports teams, and individual athletes will give them a glimpse at the likelihood for success by having the athletes feeling they are healthy, strong, comfortable, and capable to compete.