Syracuse Orange ("the Orange"; formerly, the Orangemen), the athletic teams of Syracuse University
Otto the Orange, the team mascot
Netherlands national football team, nicknamed "Orange"
"Le Gran Orange", nickname of Rusty Staub (born 1944) star of the Montreal Expos
1138 A massive earthquake strikes Aleppo.
1142 A peace treaty between the Jin dynasty and Southern Song dynasty is formally ratified when a Jin envoy visits the Song court during the JinSong wars.
1311 The Ordinances of 1311 are published, imposing a series of regulations upon King Edward II of England by the peerage and clergy.
1531 Huldrych Zwingli is killed in battle with the Roman Catholic cantons of Switzerland.
1582 Due to the adoption of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1614 Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
1634 The Burchardi flood: "The second Grote Mandrenke" killed around 15,000 men in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany.
1649 Sack of Wexford: After a ten-day siege, English New Model Army troops (under Oliver Cromwell) stormed the town of Wexford, killing over 2,000 Irish Confederate troops and 1,500 civilians.
1727 George II and Caroline of Ansbach are crowned King and Queen of Great Britain.
1767 Surveying for the MasonDixon line separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed.
1776 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Valcour Island: On Lake Champlain a fleet of American boats is defeated by the Royal Navy, but delays the British advance until 1777.
1797 Battle of Camperdown: Naval battle between Royal Navy and Royal Netherlands Navy during the French Revolutionary Wars. The outcome of the battle was a decisive British victory.
1809 Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.
1811 Inventor John Stevens' boat, the Juliana, begins operation as the first steam-powered ferry (service between New York City, New York, and Hoboken, New Jersey).
1852 The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
1862 American Civil War: In the aftermath of the Battle of Antietam, Confederate General J. E. B. Stuart and his men loot Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, during a raid into the north.
1865 Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
1890 In Washington, D.C., the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
1899 Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.
1899 The Western League is renamed the American League.
1906 San Francisco public school board sparks a diplomatic crisis between the United States and Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.
1910 Former President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane. He flew for four minutes with Arch Hoxsey in a plane built by the Wright brothers at Kinloch Field (LambertSt. Louis International Airport), St. Louis, Missouri.
1912 First Balkan War: The Greek Army liberates the city of Kozani.
1918 The 7.1 Mw Puerto Rico earthquake shakes the island with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing 76116 people. A destructive tsunami contributed to the damage and loss of life.
1941 Beginning of the National Liberation War of Macedonia.
1942 World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance: On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.
1944 Tuvan People's Republic, formerly Tannu Tuva, is annexed by the U.S.S.R.
1950 Television: CBS's mechanical color system is the first to be licensed for broadcast by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission.
1954 First Indochina War: The Viet Minh take control of North Vietnam.
1957 Space Race: Operation Moonwatch scientists calculate Sputnik 1's booster rocket's orbit.
1958 Pioneer program: NASA launches the lunar probe Pioneer 1 (the probe falls back to Earth and burns up).
1962 Second Vatican Council: Pope John XXIII convenes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.
1968 Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission, with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn F. Eisele and Walter Cunningham aboard.
1972 A race riot occurs on the United States Navy aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off the coast of Vietnam during Operation Linebacker.
1975 The NBC sketch comedy/variety show Saturday Night Live debuts.
1976 George Washington's appointment, posthumously, to the grade of General of the Armies by congressional joint resolution Public Law 94-479 is approved by President Gerald R. Ford.
1984 Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.
1984 An Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-154 crashes into maintenance vehicles upon landing in Omsk, Russia, killing 178.
1986 Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Reykjavk, Iceland, in an effort to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe.
1987 First public display of AIDS Memorial Quilt on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., during the Second National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights.
1987 Start of Operation Pawan by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka that killed thousands of ethnic Tamil civilians and hundreds of Tamil Tigers and Indian Army soldiers.
1994 Korn releases their self-titled debut album, which has been considered to start the whole nu metal genre.
2000 NASA launches STS-92, the 100th Space Shuttle mission, using Space Shuttle Discovery.
2001 The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
2002 A bomb attack in a shopping mall in Vantaa, Finland kills seven.
2013 A migrant boat sinks in the Channel of Sicily with at least 34 people dead.