An extract on #1907dedogdu
The Roman Forum has been a source of inspiration for visual artists for centuries. Especially notable is Giambattista Piranesi who created (174876) a set of 135 etchingsthe Vedute di Roma (Views of Rome)in which the Forum figured significantly. (Many of the features documented in Piranesi's views have now vanished.)
Notable artists of the Forum include Maerten van Heemskerck, Pirro Ligorio, Canaletto, Claude Lorrain, Giovanni Paolo Panini, Hubert Robert, J.M.W. Turner and many others.
The Temple of Saturn was one of the more special buildings located in the Roman Forum. It is believed to have been built in 497BCE and located in Regione VIII Forum Romanum. Little is known about when the Temple was built, as the original temple is believed to have been burnt down by the Gauls early in the fourth century. However it is understood that it was also rebuilt by Munatius Plancus in 42 BC. The eight remaining columns are all that is left of the illustrious temple. Though its exact date of completion is not known, it stands as one of the oldest buildings in the Forum Romanum. The temple originally was to be built to the God Jupiter but was replaced with Saturn however, historians are unsure for what reason(s). Interestingly there are multiple theories regarding the actual reason for the building of the temple. The use of the building however, was not only for religious practice; but the temple also functioned as a bank for the Roman Society.
The Temple stood in the forum along with four other Temples. It stood with the Temple of Concord, Vesta, Castor and Pullox. At each Temple, animal sacrifices and rituals were done in front of the religious sights. These acts took place to provide good fortune to those entering the Temple and regarding the use of the specific Temple. Specifically the sacrifices were to the God of Saturn as that was the God of the Golden Age. As the Temple of Saturn also functioned as a bank the rituals and sacrifices were made in hope of fiscal improvements. The sacrifices were made in hopes that the people would be guided to similar success as was found in that time period. This provides an understanding of the cultural significance of the Temple, as in any society a building is needed to control the flow of currency. Regarding the inside of the Temple there were multiple vaults for the public and private ones for individuals. There were also sections of the Temple for public speaking events and feasts which often followed the sacrifices.